Head-to-Head: mobx-state-tree vs Redux Analysis

mobx-state-tree

v6.0.0(about 1 month ago)

This package is actively maintained.Types definitions are bundled with the npm packageNumber of direct dependencies: 0Monthly npm downloads

MobX-State-Tree is a state management library for React applications that combines the simplicity and ease of MobX with a powerful and efficient data tree model. It allows you to define complex application states as trees of mutable models, providing built-in support for snapshots, patches, and actions. MobX-State-Tree enables you to create scalable and maintainable state management solutions with minimal boilerplate code.

Alternatives:
redux+
vuex+
easy-peasy+
valtio+
zustand+
recoil+
effector+
overmind+
jotai+
akita+

Tags: javascriptstate-managementreactmobxdata-tree

redux

v5.0.1(6 months ago)

This package is actively maintained.Types definitions are bundled with the npm packageNumber of direct dependencies: 0Monthly npm downloads

Redux is a predictable state container for JavaScript apps, commonly used with libraries like React or Angular for managing application state. It follows a unidirectional data flow pattern, making it easier to understand how data changes in the application over time. Redux provides a single source of truth for the application state, which helps in debugging and testing.

Alternatives:
mobx+
zustand+
recoil+
effector+
easy-peasy+
valtio+
jotai+
redux-toolkit+
rematch+
fluxible+

Tags: javascriptstate-managementpredictable-state-containerunidirectional-data-flowreact

Fight!

State Management

mobx-state-tree (MST) and Redux are both state management libraries, but they follow different approaches. MST is based on MobX and provides a more opinionated and structured way of managing state by defining data models using a tree-like structure. Redux, on the other hand, is a predictable state container that uses a central store and relies on pure reducer functions to manage state changes. The choice between the two depends on the complexity and size of the project, as well as personal preference.

Developer Experience

Both MST and Redux have good developer experiences, but they differ in terms of simplicity and ease of use. MST simplifies state management by offering a more declarative syntax and automatically handling actions, snapshots, and updates. Redux, on the other hand, can have a steeper learning curve due to its more explicit nature and reliance on concepts like actions, reducers, and selectors. However, Redux also has a larger ecosystem and a wide range of middleware and tools available.

Scalability

Both MST and Redux can handle state management for small to large-scale applications. However, MST shines particularly well in large and highly complex applications due to its strict type definition and structured approach. MST provides features like type inference, action replay, and time-travel debugging out of the box, which can make it easier to reason about the state in large applications. Redux, with its more flexible and extensible nature, can also scale well, but its simplicity can sometimes lead to additional boilerplate code.

Integration with React

Both MST and Redux are commonly used with React. MST provides a more seamless integration with React and provides a built-in `@observer` decorator to automatically track observable state changes and re-render components. Redux, on the other hand, requires additional libraries like 'react-redux' to connect Redux state to React components. Redux also follows a more functional programming approach, which can lead to more explicit handling of state changes in React components.

Community and Ecosystem

Redux has been around for a longer time and has a larger community and ecosystem. It has extensive documentation and a wide range of third-party libraries, middleware, and tools built around it. MST, while not as large as Redux, also has an active and growing community, and the MobX ecosystem provides additional libraries and tools that can be used with MST. Choosing between the two may depend on the availability of specific libraries or community support required for the project.