Head-to-Head: Jotai vs mobx-state-tree Analysis

jotai

v2.8.3(17 days ago)

This package is actively maintained.Types definitions are bundled with the npm packageNumber of direct dependencies: 0Monthly npm downloads

Jotai is a simple and scalable state management library for React applications. It offers a minimalistic and flexible approach to managing state by using atoms, derived atoms, and actions. Jotai leverages React's context API to provide a lightweight and efficient solution for state management without the need for additional dependencies like Redux or MobX.

Alternatives:
recoil+
zustand+
redux+
mobx+
valtio+
effector+
react-query+
swr+
react-redux+
easy-peasy+

Tags: reactstate-managementatomscontext-apideclarative

mobx-state-tree

v6.0.0(about 1 month ago)

This package is actively maintained.Types definitions are bundled with the npm packageNumber of direct dependencies: 0Monthly npm downloads

MobX-State-Tree is a state management library for React applications that combines the simplicity and ease of MobX with a powerful and efficient data tree model. It allows you to define complex application states as trees of mutable models, providing built-in support for snapshots, patches, and actions. MobX-State-Tree enables you to create scalable and maintainable state management solutions with minimal boilerplate code.

Alternatives:
redux+
vuex+
easy-peasy+
valtio+
zustand+
recoil+
effector+
overmind+
jotai+
akita+

Tags: javascriptstate-managementreactmobxdata-tree

Fight!

State Management Approach

Jotai is a newer state management library that follows a more functional and atomic approach to state management. It is based on the concept of atoms and derived atoms, providing a simple and flexible way to manage state. MobX-State-Tree, on the other hand, is a more mature library that offers a model-based approach to state management, allowing you to define complex data structures with built-in features like actions, views, and reactions.

Developer Experience

Jotai is known for its simplicity and ease of use. It has a minimal API surface and is designed to be lightweight and performant. MobX-State-Tree, while powerful, can have a steeper learning curve due to its more complex features and concepts. It offers a lot of functionality out of the box, but this can sometimes lead to a more verbose setup.

Performance

In terms of performance, Jotai is designed to be highly performant, especially for scenarios where you need fine-grained control over state updates. MobX-State-Tree also offers good performance but may introduce more overhead due to its rich feature set. The choice between the two may depend on the specific performance requirements of your application.

Community and Ecosystem

MobX-State-Tree has been around longer and has a larger community and ecosystem compared to Jotai. This means that MobX-State-Tree has more resources, tutorials, and community support available. Jotai, being newer, is still growing its community and ecosystem, but it has been well-received by developers looking for a simpler state management solution.

Scalability

Both Jotai and MobX-State-Tree are scalable solutions for state management. MobX-State-Tree's model-based approach can be beneficial for larger, more complex applications where you need to define clear data structures and relationships. Jotai's atomic state management can also scale well, especially for applications that require fine-grained control over state updates.