Head-to-Head: Joi vs Runtypes Analysis


v17.10.2(17 days ago)

This package is actively maintained.Types definitions are bundled with the npm packageNumber of direct dependencies: 5Monthly npm downloads

Joi is a powerful schema description language and data validator for JavaScript used for server side validation. With Joi, you can define rules for your data shape and structure, limit input values, and validate user inputs against those rules, ensuring the validity and integrity of your application data.

Alternatives: Yup, Validate.js, Superstruct

Tags: javascriptvalidationschemasdata-validationmodular


v6.7.0(4 months ago)

This package is actively maintained.Types definitions are bundled with the npm packageNumber of direct dependencies: 0Monthly npm downloads

Runtypes is a lightweight and powerful runtime type system for JavaScript and TypeScript. It allows you to define and enforce type constraints on your data at runtime, providing runtime type checking and validation. With Runtypes, you can easily define complex data structures, validate input data, and ensure type safety in your applications.

Alternatives: prop-types, io-ts, ts-runtime

Tags: javascripttypescripttype-checkingruntime-type-systemvalidation



Joi has been a popular choice for data validation in the JavaScript community for a long time. It has a large user base and is widely adopted. Runtypes, on the other hand, is a relatively newer library and has gained popularity in recent years. While it may not be as widely used as Joi, it has a growing community and is gaining traction.

API Design

Joi and Runtypes have different approaches to API design. Joi follows a schema-based approach where you define validation rules using a schema object. Runtypes, on the other hand, uses a more functional and type-safe approach where you define types and validate values against those types. The choice between the two depends on personal preference and the specific requirements of the project.

Type Safety

Runtypes provides better type safety out of the box as it is built with TypeScript in mind. It allows you to define and enforce complex runtime types, making it easier to catch type-related errors during development. Joi, on the other hand, does not have built-in TypeScript support and relies on runtime validation.


Joi has a rich ecosystem of plugins and extensions that allow you to extend its functionality and add custom validation rules. Runtypes, while not as extensible as Joi, provides a solid foundation for defining and validating types. It also allows you to compose and combine types to create more complex validations.


In terms of performance, Runtypes is generally faster than Joi due to its type-safe approach and optimized runtime checks. However, the performance difference may not be significant for most use cases unless you are dealing with a large number of validations.


Both Joi and Runtypes have well-documented APIs and provide examples and guides to help developers get started. However, Joi has been around for longer and has a more extensive documentation and community resources available.