Head-to-Head: Emotion vs MaterializeCSS Analysis


v11.11.2(4 months ago)

This package is actively maintained.Types definitions are bundled with the npm packageNumber of direct dependencies: 5Monthly npm downloads

@emotion/css is a popular CSS-in-JS library that allows developers to write styles in JavaScript code. It provides a simple and intuitive API for styling React components, giving you complete control over how your styles are defined and applied. Additionally, it supports a wide range of CSS features and allows you to use custom CSS properties and variables. With its powerful composition features, @emotion/css enables developers to easily create reusable style components that can be shared across multiple projects.

Alternatives: styled-components, css-modules, jss

Tags: css-in-jsreactlibraryperformancecustom-css-properties


v1.0.0(about 5 years ago)

This package was last published over a year ago. It may not be actively maintained.Types definitions are provided via a separate npm package: @types/materialize-cssNumber of direct dependencies: 0Monthly npm downloads

Materialize CSS is a modern and responsive CSS framework based on Google's Material Design guidelines. It provides a wide range of ready-to-use UI components, such as forms, buttons, cards and navigation menus, that can be easily customized to fit your website's style. Materialize CSS also includes Javascript components, such as modals and dropdowns, that enhance the user experience. This package is simple to use and integrate, making it a popular choice for quickly building visually appealing, mobile-first websites.

Alternatives: bootstrap, foundation, bulma

Tags: cssgooglematerial-designresponsiveui-components



Both @emotion/css and materialize-css are well-known and widely used npm packages, but they have different target audiences. @emotion/css is commonly used within the React and JavaScript communities, especially in combination with the Emotion CSS-in-JS library. materialize-css, on the other hand, is a popular CSS framework that can be used with any web application, regardless of the underlying framework.


In terms of scalability, @emotion/css offers better modularity and scalability due to its CSS-in-JS approach. When using @emotion/css, styles are scoped to the relevant components, reducing the risk of style conflicts and making it easier to manage styles in large codebases. materialize-css, being a CSS framework, provides pre-defined styles and components, which may not be as flexible or scalable for highly customized designs or complex applications.


In terms of performance, @emotion/css has a slight overhead due to the CSS-in-JS runtime, which generates and injects styles dynamically at runtime. This overhead is typically negligible for small to medium-sized applications, but it may be a concern for larger applications or performance-critical scenarios. materialize-css, being a CSS framework, generates static stylesheets that are loaded upfront, resulting in faster initial rendering. However, the overall impact on performance will depend on the specific use case and implementation details.

Developer Experience

Both packages offer a good developer experience, but they have different approaches. @emotion/css embraces the CSS-in-JS paradigm, providing a powerful API for defining and managing styles directly in the component code. It also integrates seamlessly with popular JavaScript frameworks like React. On the other hand, materialize-css follows a more traditional approach of applying styles via CSS classes. It provides a large set of pre-styled components and utilities, making it easy to quickly build visually appealing interfaces without writing much custom CSS. The choice depends on personal preference and familiarity with the respective approaches.

Support and Documentation

Both @emotion/css and materialize-css have active communities and offer good support. @emotion/css is maintained by the Emotion project, which provides comprehensive documentation, examples, and a helpful community. materialize-css also has official documentation, a dedicated website, and a community that provides support and resources. In terms of the number of resources and tutorials available online, materialize-css may have a slight edge due to its popularity and longevity.